Tuesday, January 19, 2021

Do you think you understand Yemen? | History of Yemen

 Do you think you understand Yemen? | History of Yemen


Do you really understand Yemen? | History of Yemen
Do you really understand Yemen? | History of Yemen


 Medieval history

 Regardless of its characteristics and regardless of its dynamic political structure, Yemen has always controlled the southwestern tip of the Arabian Peninsula-Palestine-Deb, guarding the point of entry and exit of the Red Sea. It is the closest to sub-Saharan Africa (especially Djibouti and Ethiopia-it has a long and memorable relationship with Djibouti and Ethiopia. It is also a noteworthy land exchange route from the Indian Ocean to the Arabian Peninsula to the Mediterranean.


 The ongoing revelation of the U-bar old exchange city [in today's Oman, near Salalah] is implemented using remote sensing detection and satellite images. On scriptural occasions, Yemen is the hometown of Sheba's rulers (identified as the Sabe Empire). In Roman and medieval occasions, it was the middle of the flavor exchange of rewards, especially frankincense and myrrh.


 Former North Yemen.


 In the 16th and 19th centuries, North Yemen was controlled by the Ottoman Empire in urban communities and by the Zaydi Imam's overlord in its natural territory. In 1918, when the Ottoman Empire disintegrated, the Zaid group's pioneer Imam Yahya took control of the area, which later became the Arab Republic of Yemen (YAR), or North Yemen.


  King of Yemen


 The underground resistance to Yahya began in the late 1930s, and by the mid-1940s, a considerable part of the population conflicted with his standards. In 1948, Yahya was killed in the overthrow of the royal residence, and his power was limited to his original guidelines. His child Ahmad [Ahmad canister Yahya Hamidaddin] inherited his rule until his death in September 1962. The development of suppression sets imam Ahmed's rule, restoration of friction with the British's quality in the South, and expansion of the strain to help Egyptian President Jamal Abdul Nasser's Arab patriot goal setting.

 Imam Ahmed Jar Yahya

 Imam Ahmad canister Yahya

 (1891-September 18, 1962)

 Ahmad canister Yahya (Ahmad canister Yahya), the child of Ahmad Muhammad, was the penultimate lord of the Mutawakilit Kingdom of Yemen from 1948 to 1962. He is seen as a dictator, and his main focus is on the modernization of the army.


  Former North Yemen


 From 1958 to 1961, North Yemen was unified with Egypt and Syria in the United Arab States. After Ahmed's death, Imam Ahmed's child Badr accepted the power. However, under the impetus of Colonel Abdullah Salal, he was dismissed by the officials of the armed forces several weeks later. Accept the responsibility and make YAR. After it took effect quickly, the officials decided, headed by Salal, the eight-part Revolution Command Committee. It was caused by a joint war between the royalists supported by Saudi Arabia and Jordan against the recently shaped republic and the republic supported by Egyptian soldiers. In 1967, the Egyptian soldiers were evacuated. By 1968, after the royalist attack on Sanaa, the vanguard was largely restricted. In 1970, Saudi Arabia considered YAR.


 Former South Yemen.


 After the British captured the Port of Aden in 1839, the British influence expanded in Yemen's southern and eastern sections. Until 1937, Aden became a royal residence. It was controlled as part of British India. The rest of the area was assigned as a protectorate (regulated as the Eastern Protectorate and the Western Protectorate). By 1965, the protection of the vast majority of the country's motherland and the province of Aden itself had joined the framework of the British-backed Southern Arab Federation.


Former South Yemen


 In the following two years, two rival groups- the Marxist National Liberation Front (NLF) and the Occupied South Yemen Liberation Front (FLOSY)-compete for power. By August 1967, the NLF was in charge of most areas, and the alliance officially collapsed towards the transaction part. On November 29, the last group of British soldiers was expelled. On November 30, 1967, the People's Republic of Yemen, including Aden and South Arabia, was announced. In June 1969, an extreme faction of the Barisan Nasional took power. On December 1, 1970, the country was renamed the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY).


 The road to unification.


 By 1972, two Yemenis had a public conflict. The Asian League got help from Saudi Arabia, and PDRY got weapons from the Soviet Union. Even if the Arab League speeds up the truce and the two sides agree to produce an assembled Yemen within one and a half years, the two Yemenites have been separated. In the following years, I saw the circle of continued excitement and struggle, the death of YAR's leader in June 1978. A month later, the Constituent People's Assembly chose Lieutenant Colonel Ali Abdullah Saleh as the Yemeni army leader. The resumption of fighting broke out in mid-1979; however, in March, the two Yemeni leaders agreed to an oath of reunification in Kuwait.


 In April 1980, in December 1978, Abdul Fatah-Ismail, who was elected as the Pakistani railway leader, surrendered and became an outcast. He was replaced by Ali Na-sir Muhammad, the former chief executive. In January 1986, Ismail returned from the outcast and continued to hold a senior position in the Yemeni Socialist Party. For more than a month, Muhammad and Ismail's supporters' brutal behavior caused Muhammad to be ousted from power, and Ismail also perished. In February 1986, the former Chief Executive, Heydar Abu Bakr-Atas, was appointed as the recently established PLO government leader. In October, a national political contest took place in PDRY to compete for the state management agency. In the first extensive political decision of YAR in July 1988, President Saleh won his third five-year term.


 In May 1988, the administrations of YAR and PDRY agreed to bring soldiers back from their common perimeter to make peace areas and allow the two states' indigenous people to have simpler border crossings. In May 1990, they reached an agreement on the draft unity constitution, which was finally adopted in May 1991. On May 22, 1990, the authority of the Republic of Yemen announced its establishment. YAR President Saleh is moving towards becoming the New Republic; YSP Central Committee Secretary-General Ali Salim Baide is appointed as Vice President; PDRY President Atas is appointed as Executive Chief. Atas promoted the establishment of a Council of Ministers of the Transition Coalition, whose members are composed of the People's Congress Party (GPC; a group that supports President Saleh) and Al-Shabaab (a group that supports Vice President Bayi).